Iraq politicians – Iraq War News http://iraqwarnews.net/ Thu, 22 Sep 2022 11:49:59 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://iraqwarnews.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/icon-120x120.png Iraq politicians – Iraq War News http://iraqwarnews.net/ 32 32 الوكالة الوطنية للإعلام – President Aoun discusses Lebanese-Iraqi relations with former Iraqi Prime Minister Iyad Allawi, receives Arab Lawyers Union delegation and former MP Mikhael Al-Daher https://iraqwarnews.net/%d8%a7%d9%84%d9%88%d9%83%d8%a7%d9%84%d8%a9-%d8%a7%d9%84%d9%88%d8%b7%d9%86%d9%8a%d8%a9-%d9%84%d9%84%d8%a5%d8%b9%d9%84%d8%a7%d9%85-president-aoun-discusses-lebanese-iraqi-relations-with-former-iraqi-p/ Thu, 22 Sep 2022 11:49:59 +0000 https://iraqwarnews.net/%d8%a7%d9%84%d9%88%d9%83%d8%a7%d9%84%d8%a9-%d8%a7%d9%84%d9%88%d8%b7%d9%86%d9%8a%d8%a9-%d9%84%d9%84%d8%a5%d8%b9%d9%84%d8%a7%d9%85-president-aoun-discusses-lebanese-iraqi-relations-with-former-iraqi-p/ ANI- President of the Republic, General Michel Aoun, meet ancient Iraqi Prime Minister and Head of “National coalition», Dr Iyad Allawi, today at the Presidential Palace. Running regional developments, the current situation in Iraq and on–strives to find appropriate solutions were discussed in session. President Aoun and former Prime Minister Allawi too discussed bilateral Lebanese-Iraqi […]]]>

ANI- President of the Republic, General Michel Aoun, meet ancient Iraqi Prime Minister and Head of National coalition», Dr Iyad Allawi, today at the Presidential Palace.

Running regional developments, the current situation in Iraq and onstrives to find appropriate solutions were discussed in session.

President Aoun and former Prime Minister Allawi too discussed bilateral Lebanese-Iraqi relations and ways to strengthen them at all levels, in addition to the need to organize economic cooperation between the two countries for the benefit of the two brotherly peoples.

Statement:

After the meeting, Prime Minister Allawi made the following statement:

“I was honored to meet His Excellency the Lebanese President.

The meeting addressed some common concerns between us. I suggested that an Iraqi-Lebanese economic committee be formed to solve economic problems. Of course, there is a reciprocal effect between politics and economics.

President Aoun’s response to the proposal was positive, and we will work in this direction. I will adopt this question in Iraq, given the great similarity between the political situations in Lebanon and Iraq”.

Questions and answers:

Question: Is there a close solution to the situation in Iraq?

Answer: “To date, there is no solution, because of the commitment and the unclear positions. But there is a candidate for the House of Representatives for the post of Prime Minister in Iraq, Muhammad Al-Soudani, who is a capable and important brother, but I do not know if the Sadrist movement will support him. I suggested to all parties that an expanded national dialogue be held with no winners or losers, and that a government be formed that would hold early elections, with integrity and transparency, and in accordance with the new laws.”

Question: How would you describe the Lebanese-Iraqi cooperation, especially after your country supplied oil to Lebanon?

Answer: “We all worked on the oil issue, in addition to the issue of the Lebanese apple. I am one of those who worked on this file and adopted it, and I contacted the Iraqi Prime Minister, Mustafa Al-Kazemi, and the Minister of Oil, who played an important role in this file. I hope that this file will be the cornerstone for the formation of a joint and permanent economic committee between Iraq and Lebanon, because there is a similarity between the two situations in the two countries in addition to the bonds of love which unites them.

Secretary General of the Arab Lawyers Union:

The President meet the Secretary General of the Union of Arab Lawyers, Mr. Mekkawi Benaissa, leading a delegation, on the occasion of the convening of the first session of this year for the Union of Arab Lawyers under the title For Arab solidarity with Lebanon in its crisis and in the face of the ambitions and the aggression of the Zionist enemy”.

The delegation included the head of the Egyptian bar and the president of the Arab Lawyers Union, Mr. Abdel Halim Allam, the two bars of Tripoli, Marie Thérèse El Kawwal, and Beirut, Mr. Nader Kaspar, and representatives of the bars of Syria, Iraq, Sudan, Palestine, Morocco, Libya and Jordan.

Benaissa and Allam underlined the solidarity with the Lebanese people and stands by their side to get out of their current crisis.

So, Al-Kawwal reported that the first session of the Federation for this year was held in the hospitality of Tripoli, “The city where the Lebanese crises are ragingcelebrated in their darkest forms”.

Al Kawwal thanked President Aoun for receiving ta delegation, considering that it reason to hope that all crises will disappear”.

Moreover, Al-Kawwal stressed that the meeting aims to affirm the supremacy of truth and call for Arab solidarity, considering that, on the other hand, the supremacy of truth cannot be achieved as long as the courts are closed.

As lawyers defending justice at the individual and state level, we declare our full support for the strong positions you take in defense from Lebanon’s right to its gas wealth, during indirect negotiations with a enemy who wants to steal the good things that God has entrusted to himyour sea,” Al-Kawwal added.

President Aoun:

For his part, the President thanked the participants for their initiative of solidarity with Lebanon, which is going through the most difficult circumstances it has known in its contemporary history.

President Aoun considered that the convening of the first general session of the Union of Arab Lawyers on Lebanese soil is an act of faith in it and in what it constitutes as a forum for its Arab brothers and for human civilizations in their diversity.

In addition, President Aoun listed the crises that Lebanon has faced in recent years, which led to the outbreak of a serious economic and financial crisis, and called on Arab countries to stand with the Lebanese people and support them, so that they can pass through the current tunnel.

Statement:

After the meeting, Professor Benaissa said:

We have come at this critical moment to Lebanon, to gather in its land, the meeting point of Arab and human civilizations, at the invitation of our brothers, the two heads of the Bar of Tripoli and Beirut, to announce to the whole world that we stand in solidarity with Lebanon in the financial crisis it is going through.

At the same time, let us cooperate with the two unions in the person of Mr Kaspar and Mrs AI-Kawwal in the plan they have prepared to eliminate injustice and suffering from the country, expressing the hope that this crisis will be circumstantial and that Lebanon will emerge from it with the cooperation of all.

Then Mr. Allam said:

We have come to light of the current crisis and difficult economic conditions, with a generous invitation from both unions to study it and help resolve it. We give full support and express our active participation in the resolution of all legal and constitutional files related to the judicial question that lead to a path on youhe is in crisis. I call to all Arab rulers and leaders to help Lebanon find a solution to all its problemsexpressing the support and support of the Lebanese government and the Lebanese people to come out of their depression.

After that, the captain Kaspar welcomed the delegation back to lebanon, stressing tthat his people were helpless, “Aand that is why we have asked you, as a Syndicate of Rights, Public Liberties and Human Rights, to help Lebanon with your governments, considering that your voice is heard in your countries because of thethe importance of your representation.

Kaspar also noted the response shown by the Heads of bars and the general secretary and president of the union.

Finally, Kawal concluded the meeting praiseg from Arabic heads of barr in Lebanon, pointing out that the two unions carried a message to the delegation asking for Arab support in Lebanon.

Al Kawwal said: The motto of the union is truth and arabism, and they are complementary, so if truth is sick in one country, all other arab countries suffer, so the meeting formed an arab position with lebanon which came at its right time.

Former Minister Al-Daher:

Then President Aoun received the former minister and MP Mikhael Daher and discussed with himrunning political and economic developments.

Monsignor Kiwan and Father Abu Kassem:

President Aoun meet Monsignor Maroun Kiwan and father Abdo Abu Kasm.

Monsignor Kiwan and Father Abou KasmTransmitted to President Aoun the funeral of the former Maronite Archbishop of Sidon and Deir al-Qamar, Bishop Tanios Khoury.

The funeral prayer for his comfort will take place at 2 p.m. tomorrow, Friday, at St Elias Cathedral in Sidon. Next, his body will be taken to his hometown of Saghbine in the Western Bekaa, where he will be buried. — Press Office of the Presidency

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FM 98.5 و98

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Back to Learning campaign is launched in KRI to improve access to quality education for out-of-school children and welcome Syrian refugee children into the public school system [EN/AR/KU] – Iraq https://iraqwarnews.net/back-to-learning-campaign-is-launched-in-kri-to-improve-access-to-quality-education-for-out-of-school-children-and-welcome-syrian-refugee-children-into-the-public-school-system-en-ar-ku-iraq/ Wed, 21 Sep 2022 01:41:59 +0000 https://iraqwarnews.net/back-to-learning-campaign-is-launched-in-kri-to-improve-access-to-quality-education-for-out-of-school-children-and-welcome-syrian-refugee-children-into-the-public-school-system-en-ar-ku-iraq/ Attachments Starting this year, the Refugee Education Integration Policy (REIP) was introduced to help Syrian refugee children access quality, inclusive and sustainable education through the public system and to foster their integration and their participation in community life in the Kurdistan region of Iraq. Erbil, 20 September 2022 – On the occasion of the new […]]]>

Attachments

Starting this year, the Refugee Education Integration Policy (REIP) was introduced to help Syrian refugee children access quality, inclusive and sustainable education through the public system and to foster their integration and their participation in community life in the Kurdistan region of Iraq.

Erbil, 20 September 2022 – On the occasion of the new school year in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI), the Ministry of Education of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), together with UNICEF, the High -United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), Save the Children and education partners have launched the “Back to Learning Campaign” to further improve access for out-of-school Iraqi children and welcome refugee children quality education in public schools. The campaign reaffirms the commitment of UN agencies and their partners to support the implementation of the Refugee Education Integration Policy (REIP) which was adopted by the KRG at the end of 2021. Under the slogan: “Education for all for a better future!”, the launch event took place at the Bahari nwe school in Erbil, where some Syrian refugee children are now enrolled.

“With the support of our partners, we are committed to reaching out to the most vulnerable children and helping them achieve their dreams of a better future,” said H.E. Alan Hama Sa’eed Salih, Minister of Education of the KRG, during the event, emphasizing the importance of all children having equal access to education.

Starting this school year, all refugee children between the ages of six and nine can enroll and study in any public school in the KRI. The KRI Department of Education, in cooperation with Education Departments, schools and education partners, will ensure access to education for all children in a welcoming learning environment. The children will be taught in the officially recognized languages ​​(Sorani, Badini, Assyrian, Turkmen, English and Arabic) in the Kurdistan region of Iraq.

“Every child has the right to education, formal, non-formal, online or in person, regardless of background or situation. UNICEF wants all children to be in school and learn. This also applies to refugees and therefore the implementation of the mainstreaming refugee education policy will provide a better future for refugee children. UNICEF will continue to support the KRI Ministry of Education in implementing this policy, committing to providing all children with a quality education,” said Teija Vallandingham, Chief Education Officer of the KRI. UNICEF in Iraq. “The inclusion of refugee children in the education system is a step towards an inclusive society.”

“It is our collective responsibility to make every effort to pave the way to a brighter future for displaced children. The Kurdistan Regional Government Ministry of Education is showing great leadership in inviting refugee children to enroll in public schools and qualified refugee teachers to participate in these education efforts. The KRI is showing the region and beyond what it means to welcome refugees,” said Jean-Nicolas Beuze, UNHCR Representative in Iraq. “Many refugee students from KRI were born here after their parents fled their homes in northeast Syria especially ten years ago. Learning alongside their Iraqi Kurdish friends will give them new opportunities to create bonds that will hold communities together.

“Children are the future of our country and it is our responsibility to ensure that ‘no child is excluded from the right to have a potential and a better future’ – which can be made possible by bringing them school and learning center throughout this back to learning campaign.As a leading child rights organization, Save the Children believes that education is a fundamental right of children, regardless of their ethnic, religious, migration background, ability/disability status and gender.Over the years, Save the Children has supported the right to education for thousands of children, including refugees, host communities and internally displaced Iraqis by Daesh violence,” said Rizgar Al-Jaff, Acting Country Director of Save the Children Iraq. education, United Nations agencies, national and international NGOs organizations, must continue their efforts to ensure that all children, without discrimination, from all corners of Iraq, have access to quality education.

In addition to the REIP, the Back to Learning campaign aims to tackle the main factors that have led to children dropping out of school. The first objective is to ensure that out-of-school Iraqi children and adolescents are identified and have access to physical or virtual learning facilities/platforms through formal or non-formal education. The campaign then addresses other social, cultural, economic, political, behavioral or personal issues that hinder their access to education. Education sector authorities will be made aware of new and emerging issues that have impacted children’s access to education and excluded them from schools. To monitor these achievements, an online system will record the necessary information on these children and adolescents, the reasons for their non-enrollment and the progress made in supporting the children until their enrollment in formal or non-formal education. About 33,000 out-of-school Iraqi children and adolescents are expected to be reached this year during the campaign.

To bridge this learning gap, UN agencies and their partners will continue to support the KRI Ministry of Education to provide access to education for all children, including Syrian refugee children and adolescents. .

Notes to Editors:

About UNICEF

UNICEF works in some of the world’s toughest places, to reach the world’s most disadvantaged children. In more than 190 countries and territories, we work for every child, everywhere, to build a better world for everyone.

For more information about UNICEF and its work, visit: www.unicef.org

Follow UNICEF on TwitterFacebook, Instagram and YouTube

For more information please contact:

Miguel Mateos Munoz, Head of Communications and Advocacy, UNICEF Iraq,

+964 7827820238, mmateosmunoz@unicef.org

Monica Awad, Communications Specialist, UNICEF Iraq, tel. : +964 7809258545, mawad@unicef.org

About UNHCR

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, protects people forced to flee their homes due to conflict and persecution. We work in over 130 countries, protecting millions of people by providing lifesaving support, protecting basic human rights and helping them build a better future.

For more information about UNHCR, please visit: http://www.unhcr.org

For more information on education services for refugees in Iraq, please visit: https://help.unhcr.org/iraq/en/rights-and-obligations/education/

Follow UNHCR in Iraq on Twitter (@UNHCRIraq), Facebook and Instagram

For more information please contact:

Firas Al-Khateeb, Spokesperson and Communications Officer, UNHCR Iraq,

khateeb@unhcr.org

Shaza Shekfeh, Associate Communications Officer, UNHCR Iraq

+964 770 494 6384 shekfehs@unhcr.org

About Save the Children

Save the Children has worked in Iraq since 1991. We are one of the largest international NGOs working in over 100 countries around the world, addressing the humanitarian, recovery and development needs of children and their families with the belief that every child deserves a future full of opportunities.

We run integrated child-focused programs in Ninewah, Dohuk, Kirkuk, Salah-addin, Anbar, Basra, Diyala and Baghdad

For more information on Save the Children Iraq. (www.iraq.savethechildren.net)

For more information please contact:

Noor Mousa, Advocacy and Campaign Coordinator, SCI IRAQ.

Noor.Mousa@savethechildren.org

009647511240100

Nirali Mehta, Director of Program Development and Quality – Iraq. SCI Iraq.

nirali.mehta@savethechildren.org

+964 751 124 0235

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Meet the Democrat with a six-figure income who can’t afford shoes for his kids https://iraqwarnews.net/meet-the-democrat-with-a-six-figure-income-who-cant-afford-shoes-for-his-kids/ Mon, 19 Sep 2022 09:03:41 +0000 https://iraqwarnews.net/meet-the-democrat-with-a-six-figure-income-who-cant-afford-shoes-for-his-kids/ Democrats In latest ad, Michigan House candidate Hillary Scholten says her family is giving up air conditioning and new shoes Michigan Democrat Hillary Scholten (via Twitter) Joseph Simonson • September 19, 2022 4:59 a.m. Michigan Democrat Hillary Scholten, who is running in one of the most competitive congressional races in the nation, wants voters to […]]]>

In latest ad, Michigan House candidate Hillary Scholten says her family is giving up air conditioning and new shoes

Michigan Democrat Hillary Scholten (via Twitter)

Joseph Simonson • September 19, 2022 4:59 a.m.

Michigan Democrat Hillary Scholten, who is running in one of the most competitive congressional races in the nation, wants voters to believe she is “doing with less and making things last longer” just like them.

In his latest campaign ad, Scholten says his family has cut spending drastically due to inflation. Higher energy prices, for example, mean no more air conditioning for the Scholten family, the ad says.

Scholten cannot even buy shoes for her children. “Things [are] so expensive,” she says after the ad shows her son wearing duct tape sandals.

But those images may be a tough sell for Michigan voters, given that Scholten made more than $200,000 last year as an immigration attorney for a Grand Rapids-area law firm, according to a Free Washington Beacon review of its financial disclosure forms. Her family’s total income was likely much higher given that her husband received consulting fees from two non-profit organizations, in addition to his salary as a professor at a local university.

Scholten’s latest ad campaign is part of a larger trend of Democrats struggling to identify with average voters during a time of immense economic uncertainty. For candidates like Scholten, who earns about six to seven times Michigan’s median individual income, that means making questionable claims about their own financial security.

Scholten did not respond to a request for comment.

In the same ad, Scholten calls on Democrats to “stop spending” and promises to “focus on the issues that matter most to Michigan families because they matter to mine, too.”

Scholten, however, has seemingly backed every Democratic spending proposal since President Joe Biden took office. In March, she celebrated the first anniversary of the nearly $2 trillion US bailout.

“All Republicans voted against,” Scholten said. tweeted. “#Democrats deliver.”

Economists from all political persuasions blame the US bailout as part of the cause of the historically high inflation seen in the United States. Consumer price continued to increase in August despite lower gasoline prices.

Schoten too applaud the passage of the Inflation Reduction Act and claimed it would “reduce costs for working families across the country and improve the lives of all [West] Michiganders.” Contrary to the name of the bill, there is no evidence that the bill will significantly reduce inflation.

The Free tag in April reported that Scholten failed to provide medical coverage for his campaign staff. Scholten called health care a “human right”.

Scholten will face Republican John Gibbs in November for the state’s third congressional district, currently held by Republican Peter Meijer. Scholten ran against Meijer in 2020 and lost by 5 points.

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US calls for ‘third party’ mediation in energy dispute between Erbil and Baghdad https://iraqwarnews.net/us-calls-for-third-party-mediation-in-energy-dispute-between-erbil-and-baghdad/ Wed, 14 Sep 2022 17:43:57 +0000 https://iraqwarnews.net/us-calls-for-third-party-mediation-in-energy-dispute-between-erbil-and-baghdad/ US President Joe Biden’s administration is calling for third-party mediation between Iraq’s Kurdistan region and the central government in Baghdad to resolve an ongoing dispute over oil and gas rights. Barbara Leaf, US Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, said Wednesday that she made the recommendation to Iraqi leaders during her visit to […]]]>

US President Joe Biden’s administration is calling for third-party mediation between Iraq’s Kurdistan region and the central government in Baghdad to resolve an ongoing dispute over oil and gas rights.

Barbara Leaf, US Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, said Wednesday that she made the recommendation to Iraqi leaders during her visit to the country earlier this month.

“What I suggested was that Baghdad and Erbil [where Kurdish leadership is based] discuss arrangements to bring this into third-party negotiations or another similar venue so that, essentially, they can provide a space for discussions of a technical nature,” Ms Leaf said at a press briefing.

A settlement “is long overdue and very necessary”, she added.

The dispute centers on a federal court decision in February that ruled that a 2007 law on oil and gas in the Kurdistan region was unconstitutional and that Erbil must turn over its crude oil supplies to the central government. As well as raising issues in Baghdad and Erbil, it has also been a sticking point in attempts to form the government.

The impasse over the formation of the Cabinet sparked an outbreak of violence in Baghdad this month, with supporters of Shiite cleric Moqtada Al Sadr taking to the streets and occupying government buildings inside the Green Zone.

“The recent outbreak of violence in Baghdad has been of great concern to us here,” Ms Leaf said.

“I sent a direct message to a range of senior government leaders, including the prime minister, president, chairman of the Council of Representatives, saying there is an urgent need for Iraqi political leaders to come together for an inclusive dialogue to to make significant compromises will chart a way out of Iraq’s current crisis over government formation.

Supporters of Moqtada Al Sadr storm Iraqi government palace after he leaves politics – video

But the senior US official also stressed the need for dialogue with Mr. Al Sadr and his supporters.

“Iraqis themselves have told me how important it is for Sayed Moqtada Al Sadr’s voice to be heard. What I was advocating was for Iraqi leaders to engage in a fully inclusive set of discussions and consider all voters, hopes and aspirations,” she said.

Ms Leaf pointed out that Iraq’s crushing stalemate on government formation saps the country’s potential.

Asked about her trip to Israel and the West Bank, which Axios reported was prompted by Washington’s concern over the security situation and fears of a collapse of the Palestinian Authority (PA), Ms Leaf said that greater security cooperation between the PA and the states States was always encouraged.

“The security conditions in the West Bank are of great concern to us, but they also concern Israel and they also concern the Palestinian Authority. Our role in this regard is to ensure that, to the extent possible, security cooperation is robust,” she said.

She, however, expressed concern about the economic situation in the West Bank and Gaza, and urged Israel and the PA to work together on key economic and security issues while avoiding unilateral actions.

Barbara Leaf in the UAE — in pictures

Updated: September 14, 2022, 6:10 p.m.

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Strategic objectives of jihadist groups in a context of political crisis in the Middle East https://iraqwarnews.net/strategic-objectives-of-jihadist-groups-in-a-context-of-political-crisis-in-the-middle-east/ Sat, 10 Sep 2022 04:36:55 +0000 https://iraqwarnews.net/strategic-objectives-of-jihadist-groups-in-a-context-of-political-crisis-in-the-middle-east/ The Middle East and the geopolitical and economic importance of this region The Middle East, which is a geopolitical region of about 17 countries and eight islands, which these countries included such as: Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Moreover, […]]]>

The Middle East and the geopolitical and economic importance of this region

The Middle East, which is a geopolitical region of about 17 countries and eight islands, which these countries included such as: Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Moreover, if the independence of Northern Cyprus gains international recognition, then Northern Cyprus will be the 18th country in the Middle East, and even now in some writings and research reports, Northern Cyprus is referred to as the country of the Middle East. East. However, Northern Cyprus is still recognized by the United Nations as part of the island of Cyprus. The largest country in the Middle East by area is Saudi Arabia, and the most populous countries in the Middle East are Egypt, Iran, and Turkey.

The eight islands of the Middle East are Arabia, Asia Minor, Eastern Thrace, Egypt, Iran, the Levant, Mesopotamia and the Socotra Islands. Geopolitical and economic importance of the Middle East: The Middle East is a bridge between the three great continents because the Middle East is a connecting fabric between Europe, Africa and Asia. The Middle East has gained geopolitical importance by possessing some of the most important trade routes in the world, important canals such as the Suez Canal, the Strait of Turkey, the Strait of Hormuz and the Strait of Gibraltar, and points military strategic controls.

The Middle East’s vast oil resources, strategic trade routes, Middle East territory and ideas have given strategic importance to the geography of the Middle East. Oil and petroleum are the most widely available resources in the Middle East and the economies of many Asian, European and Western countries depend on the oil reserves of the Middle East. The Middle East produces almost 31% of the world’s oil because five of the ten countries that produce the most oil in the world are located in the Middle East, and besides oil, the Middle East produces 41% of the world’s natural gas.

In addition to having vast and inexhaustible natural reserves of oil, maritime trade routes and canals play an important role in the economic importance of the Middle East, among which the Suez Canal can be mentioned. The Suez Canal, which is considered the main maritime channel for transporting commercial goods between Europe and Asia, is located in Egypt in the Middle East region, and 12% of the world’s commercial goods pass through this road. Besides sea routes and canals, high-tech products also play an important role in the economic importance of the Middle East. Israel, which produces some of the best technology in the world, has attracted huge investments from the biggest technology companies in the world such as: Intel, Microsoft, Apple, Google, smartphones, computers and other technical products that you use have their technology developed in Israel.

The Middle East has been a transit route connecting, for centuries; people traveled from east to west using the Middle East route, so this region became one of the most important economic regions in the world.

Strategic importance in the Middle East

The Middle East has a strategic importance because it is located between Asia, Europe and Africa, such as the Suez Canal which makes it one of the most strategic and important transport areas in the world, and we cannot forget the oilfields that fuel the world with oil. The vast oil reserves of the Middle East, the maritime economic route and the geographical location of the Middle East have long caused this region to fall victim to political crisis and superpower competition.

Moreover, this region was a controversial big part of the world during the Cold War, as the West and the Soviet Union made great efforts to establish an alliance in the Middle East and for the loyalty of the countries. However, this region has become a zone of conflict between the West, China and Russia because each of them, namely the Eastern Alliance led by Russia and the Western Alliance led by the United States, are vying for influence in this region.

There are many reasons for the long-term political crisis in the Middle East, some of which we can outline below. Islam/Christianity/Judaism, Iran/Iraq conflict, Iran/Baha’i, Shiite/Sunni conflict led by Iran and Saudi Arabia, North/South Yemen, Everyone/Kurds, Struggle to create a State of Kurdistan , Syrian Revolution, Libyan Revolution, Israel/Palestinian Conflict, Tunisian Revolution, Arabs/Berbers, North/South Sudan, Lebanese Civil War, Water Shortage, Racism Against Women, Honor Killings.

The Chinese Silk Road also plays an important role in the Middle East crisis because the Chinese Silk Road was a network of trade routes through the Middle East connecting China and the Far East to the Middle East. East and Europe. In order to destroy this route, destabilizing the Middle East was one of the main objectives of the West to prevent China’s economic growth. These are all the reasons why the Middle East has been in turmoil since the 19th century, and these reasons allow the political crisis in the Middle East and the formation of jihadist groups in this region with the support of the West. The political crisis in the Middle East began in two stages after and before World War II.

Before World War II, the political crisis in the Middle East began with the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the Sykes-Picot conspiracy between the British and the French. Completely build the region without considering the local communities. The British actually divided and ruled the region with their traditional policy, betraying the Arabs who had helped the British defeat the Turks. Also, with the Kurds who promised an independent country, but Churchill instead bombed and experimented with chemical weapons.

Undoubtedly, they opened Palestine to European Zionist colonization and supported the Saudi Wahhabi tribe against the Hashemite intellectuals during the Arab Civil War. The second phase began after World War II, when the Americans became increasingly involved in the Middle East, in order to weaken China and Russia in the Middle East and to overthrow the pro-Russian and pro-Russian government. Chinese in Asia under the control of China and Russia or to sacrifice long-lasting civil wars. A good example is Afghanistan, which has become a victim of the 40-year-old war, whose origin of ideas and jihadist groups started from the Gulf countries and the Middle East.

In Afghanistan, America supported the Mujahideen against the Soviet Union and a progressive government of Afghanistan that had given equal rights to women, and is still proud that it led to the collapse of the Soviet Union. Attempted a coup in Syria, forcing the nation into the arms of Moscow, and succeeded with a coup in Iran, where they overthrew their first democratic government. America then supported Iraq in a terrible war against Iran, in which hundreds of thousands of young people were killed by chemical weapons, and these weapons were largely supplied by the West. The Americans then turned to Iraq when Saddam fell silent and invaded openly, before sanctions were lifted, killing half a million children. Since 9/11, a dubious event to say the least, the United States has invaded the entire Middle East under false pretenses, causing millions of deaths, untold suffering, waves of refugees, ongoing civil unrest and provoked widespread terrorism.

The West has adopted a “divide and rule” policy regarding the Middle East

The Middle East no longer knows peace and tranquility. Because America also supports the dictatorship and supports the apartheid regime in Israel, despite the ethnic cleansing of its own Palestinian population. Essentially, America did to the region what the Nazis did to Europe and the British to Africa.

In order to dominate the onshore oil reserves in the Middle East, to prevent the military and economic development of China and Russia in the Middle East, and to divide and destroy the great and strong government of the Middle East, the United States has deployed dozens of jihadist groups in the Middle East. In order to destabilize the region through these groups and financially support these groups, the western alliance illegally seized the oil resources of the Middle East and formed more jihadist organizations in the Middle East with the revenue from these reserves. of oil.

There are over 16 major jihadist organizations and over 40 local jihadist armed groups in the Middle East

Jihadist groups, some of which are trained by Iran with the financial and military support of Russia and the Eastern Alliance such as: Hamas, Hezbollah, Fatimiun, the Palestinian resistance in Gaza and the Houthi rebels in Yemen. Some jihadist groups are backed by America in the Middle East with support from the West. The most destructive group is the Islamic Dalit group or ISIS, which has been destabilizing the Middle East for years.

There are many armed groups and propagandists in the Middle East who are fighting to establish Dar al-Islam in the world, which is supported by the majority of groups by the Western world.

1: Islamic Army of Aden-Abyan, 2: Abdullah Azzam Brigades, 3: Hayat Tahrir Al-Shaam, 4: Maghweer al-Thura, 5: Al-Nusra Front, 6: Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya, 7: Ansar al-Sharia in Libya, 8: Al-Qaeda, Ansar al-Islam, 9: Harakat Sham al-Islam, 10: Ansar al-Din, 11: Front, Jund al-Aqsa 12: Egyptian Islamic Jihad, 13: Islamic State in Libya, 14: Islamic State – Province of Yemen, 15: Hizb al-Tahrir, a propaganda group which fights to establish Dar al-Islam in the world, 16: Society of the Muslim Brotherhood, a propaganda group which fights to establish Dar al-Islam in the world.

These are the groups that have been active in their jihadist struggle in the Middle East for years, so each group can achieve its goals separately. However, some of these groups are inactive now, but they could start operating again, such as the Maghaweer al-Thura group in Syria.

The struggle of a number of armed groups in the Middle East is to destabilize the Middle East and pave the way for the influence of America and the Western world in the region in order to prevent China and Russia .

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Drugs and militias form an explosive mix on the Iraqi-Iranian border https://iraqwarnews.net/drugs-and-militias-form-an-explosive-mix-on-the-iraqi-iranian-border/ Thu, 08 Sep 2022 19:32:34 +0000 https://iraqwarnews.net/drugs-and-militias-form-an-explosive-mix-on-the-iraqi-iranian-border/ BAGHDAD – An Interior Ministry anti-narcotics general was assassinated on September 5 in the southeastern Iraqi region of Maysan, the same day that the arrest of the director of the national security department of Baghdad was announced. the region for corruption. The two mark just the latest in a long line of incidents hinting at […]]]>

BAGHDAD – An Interior Ministry anti-narcotics general was assassinated on September 5 in the southeastern Iraqi region of Maysan, the same day that the arrest of the director of the national security department of Baghdad was announced. the region for corruption.

The two mark just the latest in a long line of incidents hinting at the growing lawlessness along the country’s border with Iran.

The national security officer killed – Brig. General Qassim Daoud Salman – was shot dead with his driver outside a restaurant near the border. His attackers fled.

The director who was arrested for corruption had accepted a bribe of several thousand dollars from an informant working with the Integrity Commission. A video of his arrest was widely posted on social media, ostensibly to bolster confidence in the country’s security forces amid widespread tension and eroded confidence in their ability to counter mafias and militias.

It was not immediately clear if there was a connection between the arrest and the murder. Sources close to the security forces had not responded to a request for further information at the time of publication.

Last year, the directorate in charge of drug control in Maysan province urged that more detention centers be built as soon as possible due to a sharp increase in the number of drug-related arrests and the inability to house all those arrested, as Al-Monitor reported at the time.

A briefly trending hashtag at the time literally meaning “starve them— a call to “starve” armed groups and “[political] parties [linked to militias]operating in Iraq who are involved in drug trafficking and who use the profits to buy arms and support, acting as de facto mafia-like organisations.

The day before the highly publicized killing and the release of the video this week, Iraq announced that around 300 kilograms of narcotics and millions of tablets had been seized in the country in the first eight months of the year.

This amount, however, is much lower than the regularly reported amount seized across the border in Iran, where drug seizures are more common and the consequences of being caught with drugs tend to be harsher.

It is not uncommon for a single drug seizure to yield over 1,000 kilograms of drugs in Iraq’s eastern neighbour, with which Iraq shares a long porous border through which millions of people cross each year to only religious ceremonies. On the other side, the Iranian border saw a massive influx of Afghans after the country fell to the Taliban in August 2021.

According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Iran accounted for more than 91% of opium seizures in 2020 and remains one of the main transit countries for drug trafficking in the world. Afghanistan to Europe and other regions.

India also recently seized more than the amount captured by Iraqi authorities in the first eight months of the year, some 312.5 kilograms of methamphetamine, in a single drug seizure against two Afghan nationals in the country. Concerns grew after the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan about a possible increase in the regional drug trade, which will likely affect Iraq as well.

Several Iraqi security agents have told Al-Monitor in recent months that the country is awash in drugs, but little is being done about it – or that it can even be done as long as non-state armed groups continue to be allowed to operate relatively unimpeded. Across the country.

In just one month earlier this year, at least 1,300 people were reportedly arrested on suspicion of being involved in drug trafficking. However, many Iraqis believe that those who control the trade – and the arms – remain relatively untouched and perhaps untouchable.

Earlier this year, the Iraqi Interior Ministry said that cannabis and methamphetamines smuggled from Iran were among the most abused narcotics in Iraq.

Meanwhile, judges and police are being killed for trying to stop the trade, many in the same province as the latest high-profile cases.

Earlier this year, an Iraqi drug judge was shot and killed in Maysan province, while another anti-drug judge had narrowly escaped an attempt on his life a few months earlier in the same province.

Meanwhile, although the eruption of violence that erupted in late August in the most secure central area of ​​the Iraqi capital for nearly 24 hours was brought under control after a powerful cleric called on his supporters to desist and leave In the green zone, the confidence of much of the population has been shaken by the ability of the security forces to protect them from non-state armed groups operating in the country.

An apparent lack of urgency and ability to effect the necessary changes on the part of the political class also appears to be hurting the country’s morale, while the violent outcome of recent protests – with apparently reinforced militias and dozens of deaths – may discourage further protests for the time being.

Hundreds more were injured, many seriously, after RPGs, missiles and gunfire rang out throughout a night that reignited the fears and traumas of decades past.

A number of under-reported incidents of militia burnings and official security headquarters in southern Iraq followed the eruption of violence at the end of August in the capital.

The retaliatory killings and destruction of property are a mark of long-simmering hostility between supporters of powerful Shia cleric Muqtada Al-Sadr and rival Shia militias linked to Iran, including Asaib Ahl al-Haq.

A source in contact with several medical facilities in the key southern port city of Basra told Al-Monitor that an unusually high number of gunshot wounds and other injuries continued to be seen in the days that followed. followed the official “end” of the violence.

As violence and tensions continue, attempts to stem the drug trade are likely to be overshadowed by the establishment of a government approved by the country’s main brokers, if not the people themselves. same.

At the same time, concerns remain that many of those involved in armed power games and cross-border arms movements may in the meantime be further empowered by the lucrative narcotics trade.

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Iraq worries about China’s control over oil https://iraqwarnews.net/iraq-worries-about-chinas-control-over-oil/ Mon, 05 Sep 2022 23:53:35 +0000 https://iraqwarnews.net/iraq-worries-about-chinas-control-over-oil/ OPINION: In 2003, the American invasion of Iraq freed the Iraqi people from the tyrannical regime of Saddam Hussein. Nearly two decades later, China has been busy exploiting Iraq’s oil resources by aligning itself with militia groups to gain a foothold in the country’s lucrative oil industry. So far, China has made three attempts to […]]]>

OPINION:

In 2003, the American invasion of Iraq freed the Iraqi people from the tyrannical regime of Saddam Hussein. Nearly two decades later, China has been busy exploiting Iraq’s oil resources by aligning itself with militia groups to gain a foothold in the country’s lucrative oil industry.

So far, China has made three attempts to take control of Iraq’s oil resources, but each attempt has been foiled by the Iraqi Oil Ministry. For example, Russia’s Lukoil and US oil giant Exxon Mobil wanted to sell their stakes in major fields to companies backed by the Chinese government, but the intervention of the Iraqi Oil Ministry prevented this. Even Britain’s BP was considering selling a stake to a Chinese company but was dissuaded by Iraqi officials. If China had succeeded, it could well have triggered an “exodus” of international oil giants that would leave Iraq open to a wider takeover by Beijing. Iraqi government officials have previously expressed deep concern over the rapid pace at which China is attempting to virtually take control of Iraq. A recent protest near the headquarters of a Chinese oil company in Iraq’s southeastern Maysan governorate has once again highlighted Iraq’s growing concern over the expansion of China in the oil sector.


According to Italian think tank Geopolitica, China is exploiting the security vacuum in Iraq created after the US withdrew from the West Asian country, with its companies aligning themselves with militias to gain a foothold in the oil industry. Iraqi. A report by the Financial Times said that in 2021 alone, Beijing secured deals worth $10.5 billion in Iraq’s construction sector. Iraq, China’s third-largest oil exporter, is eager to secure Chinese investment in infrastructure development. Indeed, several US and European companies have been reluctant to invest in Iraq due to endemic corruption and militias (apparently loyal to Iran) targeting US coalition forces and Western interests.

Unlike others, Beijing has found ways to work within this system and deal with deep structural corruption and the domination of Iraqi public space by militias. In fact, Iran is the de facto arbiter of power in Iraq, through its client military and political organizations. Although China prefers to work with strong, centralized state authorities, it has found ways to deal with an unstable Iraq. According to a recent report by Fudan University in Shanghai, in 2021 Beijing won new construction contracts in Iraq worth $10.5 billion, accounting for nearly one-sixth of China’s investment in Iraq. Belt and Road Initiative that year.

For China, Iraq has become the region’s largest trading partner and the third largest oil supplier, just after Saudi Arabia and Russia. Its energy reserves and strategic location – close to the Persian Gulf and the Strait of Hormuz – prove essential for the BRI. With the American withdrawal from the region, Beijing was poised to expand its influence; improved economic relations with Baghdad will likely result in political influence over a period of time.

Experts say China’s role in rebuilding Iraq and developing Sino-Iranian relations is accelerating Beijing’s presence in Iraq at the expense of the United States. The United States, Iran and Turkey, all actively and deeply linked to Iraq, are watching China’s actions closely.

Sino-Iraqi energy cooperation has been the cornerstone of bilateral relations between the two countries since 1981. At this point, it is estimated that Iraq will need $88 billion for its post-Daesh reconstruction needs, which will provide a ample opportunity in Beijing. increase its visibility through investment and construction. As bilateral trade topped $30 billion in 2018, relations grew stronger under former Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi, who described relations as on the verge of a “quantum leap” during Beijing’s visit in 2019. In the first half of 2021, the trade volume between the two countries exceeded $16 billion.

Clever China has always used “soft power” strategies to gain control over countries that needed money. In the case of Iraq too, Beijing has done the same, in stark contrast to the hard power initiatives of the United States. Soft power strategies include economic investments and hands-off policies. Beijing has recently taken advantage of post-conflict opportunities with mediation efforts and commercial engagement as opposed to military involvement and discourse elsewhere. He has also repeatedly used his UN veto power, acting with Russia and against the Western bloc on the Syrian conflict. She is more active in major regional issues such as Afghanistan. China also wants to prevent the United States from using political and military power in Iraq, as needed.

China has a vested interest in the oil and energy sectors. Beijing has built power plants, factories, water treatment facilities, as well as much-needed schools across the country, according to the Los Angeles Times. Dozens of contracts signed in recent years ensure China’s growing footprint, even as major Western companies, including the United States, prepare to exit. While Iraqi officials admit they want a greater US presence, they find appeal in China’s development offer with no conditions for democracy or reform and its deft diplomacy. As a result, Chinese companies dominate Iraq’s key economic sector, oil, and Beijing consumes 40% of the country’s crude exports. From a narrow concentration on hydrocarbons, Chinese investments have multiplied. Chinese companies operate in many key sectors – including finance, transportation, construction and communications – as noted by the Los Angeles Times.

In the oil sector too, Chinese companies dominate oil contracts – from field production to the provision of downstream services, and they continue to earn more. Recently, Iraq finalized terms with China’s Sinopec to develop the Mansuriya gas field, which could produce up to 300 million standard cubic feet per day.

Although Baghdad has expressed deep concern over China’s control over Iraqi resources, it is worrying that Iraq could become a puppet in China’s hands for the foreseeable future. The only way to counter these efforts, it seems clear, is for the United States to up its diplomatic and economic game.

This means, first and foremost, that the United States should present America’s strategic competition with China in Iraq as an ideological competition between democracy and autocracy. The United States should make concerted diplomatic and economic efforts to strengthen Iraqi democracy, which would strengthen its independence and the sovereignty of the Iraqi people. For example, through initiatives such as the Global Infrastructure and Investment Partnership – which President Biden and other G7 leaders unveiled in late June and which will mobilize $600 billion in investment by 2027 to deliver “transparent” and “game-changing” infrastructure projects in developing countries – the United States must present itself to Iraq as a more reliable, supportive and like-minded partner.

• Jianli Yang is founder and president of Citizen Power Initiatives for China and author of For Us, the Living: A Journey to Shine the Light on Truth.

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Shia cleric Sadr urges Iranian pilgrims to respect Iraqi laws https://iraqwarnews.net/shia-cleric-sadr-urges-iranian-pilgrims-to-respect-iraqi-laws/ Sun, 04 Sep 2022 15:09:00 +0000 https://iraqwarnews.net/shia-cleric-sadr-urges-iranian-pilgrims-to-respect-iraqi-laws/ In a Persian-language Twitter post, influential Iraqi Shia cleric Moqtada al-Sadr urged Iranian pilgrims to respect Iraqi laws and regulations. “The host should show respect to the guest, and the guest should be respectful of the habits and traditions of the host,” Sadr said in his message to iranian pilgrimsadding that they should observe discipline […]]]>

In a Persian-language Twitter post, influential Iraqi Shia cleric Moqtada al-Sadr urged Iranian pilgrims to respect Iraqi laws and regulations.

“The host should show respect to the guest, and the guest should be respectful of the habits and traditions of the host,” Sadr said in his message to iranian pilgrimsadding that they should observe discipline when entering the country for the upcoming march of Arbaeen, which has a million people, have official permits and passports and respect officials, security forces and the laws of the country.

The Arbaeen ceremony which falls on September 18 this year marks the end of the 40-day mourning period following Ashura — the religious ritual to commemorate the third Shia Muslim Imam, Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, in 680 AD – is the largest annual gathering in the world.

Millions of Shia Muslims gather each year to mark Arbaeen in Karbala, Iraq, where the Imam is buried. Many travel long distances, even hundreds of kilometers, to the Imam’s shrine.

Iranian authorities are deploying all religious entities and media to encourage pilgrimage to Karbala. Government organizations and state-affiliated charities as well as municipalities and city councils often allocate considerable budgets to organize the Arbaeen Walk and offer various services, including free Wi-Fi, along the way. and in Karbala. Last year Tehran city council approved two urgent bills allocate a budget of 60 billion rials for holding Jim ceremonies.

Iraqi Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr

Sadr stressed in his message that Iraq is not obliged to accept more pilgrims than it can accommodate and urged the Iraqi authorities not to entrust the security of the ceremonies to anyone other than its own forces. security of the country. He was referring to armed militias affiliated with the Islamic Republic and others.

Sadr also urged Iraqis to exercise restraint and avoid any kind of conflict with pilgrims, cooperate with security forces to keep pilgrims and holy sites safe, and avoid divisive slogans.

Relative calm was restored to Iraq after Sadr urged all his followers to get off the streets following recent clashes between his supporters and pro-Iranian militias that left around 30 people dead.

Violence erupted in Iraq on August 29 when Sadr – who seeks to curb the Islamic Republic’s influence in Iraqi politics – announced he was quitting politics because his supporters were not getting a fair share in the structure. country policy.

As the violence escalated, Iranian media reported that all air and land borders with Iraq were closed and the Iranian Embassy in Baghdad and other diplomatic missions faced attacks by Sadrists.

Political rivalry between Sadr’s supporters and Iran-aligned parties and paramilitary groups, mainly militias from the Asa’ib Ahl al-Haq group, has left Iraq without a government since the October 2021 parliamentary elections in in which the Sadrists won the most seats.

Clashes between Sadr’s supporters and Iran-backed militias in late August in the Iraqi capital, Basra, and other major cities left more than a dozen dead.

Apparently referring to recent violence, Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei accused the United States of accusing Iran of meddling in the affairs of other nations in a speech on Saturday and said Iran’s encouragement to other nations “to stand up against the intimidation of world powers” is the main reason for the tensions with the Islamic Republic.

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Iraq’s political crisis is far from over https://iraqwarnews.net/iraqs-political-crisis-is-far-from-over/ Fri, 02 Sep 2022 13:00:00 +0000 https://iraqwarnews.net/iraqs-political-crisis-is-far-from-over/ By Editorial Dept – Sep 02, 2022, 08:00 AM CDT The political crisis in Iraq is far from over. There is more violence to come, despite protesters pulling out of Baghdad’s Green Zone earlier this week after two days of violence that killed 30 people and injured hundreds more. On Thursday, the violence moved south […]]]>


The political crisis in Iraq is far from over. There is more violence to come, despite protesters pulling out of Baghdad’s Green Zone earlier this week after two days of violence that killed 30 people and injured hundreds more. On Thursday, the violence moved south into Iraq’s oil-producing Basra governorate. Four had been killed at the time of writing after gunmen attacked government buildings housing security forces in the city of Basra.

The violence in Baghdad is one thing and has the potential to shake markets slightly as fears grow over threats to the oil industry in OPEC’s second-largest producing nation. The violence in Basra – Iraq’s oil heartland – is something else entirely.

This is not a separate incident from what happened in Baghdad, and it is significant. It is an extension of political unrest in Baghdad as rival Shiite groups vie for power. Clashes in Baghdad and Basra pit al-Sadr supporters against pro-Iranian Shia factions. Two of the dead were members of the Peace Brigades militia loyal to al-Sadr. Baghdad and the south are dominated by Shiites.

Meanwhile, oil prices have fallen significantly this week, disregarding the situation in Iraq so far, or last week’s renewed violence in Libya, although instability at both sites may exert upward pressure on prices in a tight market. Oil prices rallied last week on comments…

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We support a political solution to the current stalemate: Iraqi PMU leader https://iraqwarnews.net/we-support-a-political-solution-to-the-current-stalemate-iraqi-pmu-leader/ Tue, 30 Aug 2022 08:51:00 +0000 https://iraqwarnews.net/we-support-a-political-solution-to-the-current-stalemate-iraqi-pmu-leader/ The chairman of Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Units (PMU), known in Arabic as Hashd al-Sha’abi, says the counter-terrorism group supports a political solution to the crisis in the Arab country. The PMU advises all political groups to settle their differences through dialogue and interaction through legal channels, Falih al-Fayyadh said at a press conference Monday evening […]]]>

The chairman of Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Units (PMU), known in Arabic as Hashd al-Sha’abi, says the counter-terrorism group supports a political solution to the crisis in the Arab country.

The PMU advises all political groups to settle their differences through dialogue and interaction through legal channels, Falih al-Fayyadh said at a press conference Monday evening in the Lebanese capital Baghdad, quoted by the Lebanese television news channel al-Mayadeen.

“Hashd al-Sha’abi promises the Iraqi nation that it will maintain the political process through legal institutions and stresses the need to protect and preserve democratic institutions in the country,” al-Fayyadh said.

He added that all major political groups in Iraq must respect the constitution and accept the election results.

Fayyadh also called for calm and restraint among all factions for the good of Iraq, saying the PMU reiterates its deep commitment to a political process and transfer of power through the ballot box.

“Weapons are not a solution to the political crisis”

In addition, the head of the Fatah Alliance (Conquest) in the Iraqi parliament, Hadi al-Amiri, called on people to show maximum restraint, stop using weapons and solve their existing problems. through dialogue and negotiations.

“The use of weapons cannot solve the current crisis. There is no other solution than dialogue and understanding between our Iraqi brothers,” said Amiri, who is also the head and secretary general of the Badr Organization.

Kurdish veteran leader calls for calm

Meanwhile, senior Kurdish politician Masoud Barzani called for restraint, urging all parties “not to use the language of arms and violence to resolve conflicts”.

Barzani, the former president of the semi-autonomous Kurdistan region of northern Iraq and leader of the ruling Kurdistan Democratic Party, also called on all parties to “think about solutions that do good for the Iraqi people and take into account the general interest of the people”. and the country.

The Media and Communications Commission (CMC) in Iraq also called on all news agencies and media outlets to “avoid spreading fake news and rumours.”

He called on them to “ensure accuracy and not take biased positions that contradict the laws and principles of media broadcasting”.

The commission also stressed that “Iraqi media should refrain from publishing material that incites violence and hatred, and should not rely on speech that would contribute to a further escalation of the status quo.”

According to Iraqi medical sources, at least 30 people were killed in the clashes in Baghdad‘s Green Zone.

The sources said that 700 people were injured, including 110 members of the security forces.

Violence erupted on Monday as prominent Iraqi Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr announced he was quitting politics and closing his political offices amid a political stalemate that has left the Arab country without a new government since elections. legislative last October.

“I have decided not to meddle in political affairs. So I am now announcing my final retirement,” Sadr wrote in an Arabic post posted on his Twitter account.

In his statement, Sadr also attacked his political opponents and said they had ignored his calls for reform.

The statement comes as many of Sadr’s supporters have been taking part in a sit-in outside the Iraqi parliament since late July.

Earlier, the top judiciary said it lacked sufficient authority to dissolve the country’s parliament, urging all parties to refrain from involving the judiciary in political rivalries.

Sadr had called for the dissolution of parliament and early elections. He had also called on his supporters to continue the sit-in inside parliament until his demands were met.

Sadr’s bloc emerged from the October elections as the largest parliamentary faction, but was still far from having a majority, causing the country’s longest political vacuum since the devastating 2003 invasion of the Arab country led by the Arabs. United States.

In June, the bloc’s 73 lawmakers vacated their seats in a move seen as an attempt to pressure their political rivals to fast-track government formation.

According to Iraqi laws, if a seat in parliament becomes vacant, the candidate with the second highest number of votes in his constituency replaces him.

This means that many of the seats left vacant by the Sadrists will therefore be filled by member parties of the Coordinating Framework Alliance, such as former Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki’s Rule of Law and the Fatah Alliance, which is the political wing of the PMU.

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