Four months of truce in Yemen

Any journalist following Yemeni developments will not be surprised by the lack of information from their sources, as international and Yemeni figures are making efforts to extend the four-month Yemeni ceasefire which will end in ten days.

The UN envoy to Yemen, Hans Grundberg, has returned to the region for a tour aimed at extending the deal, taking advantage of several indications he has received recently, from the Saudi joint statement United States, the Gulf of Jeddah summit or the statement issued by Saudi Arabia. A few days ago, Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and United States.

Yemeni Information Ministry Undersecretary Najib Ghallab said one of the most important outcomes of the Jeddah summit was support for change that led to the reconstruction of the Yemeni political system.

Ghallab noted that the summit viewed the Presidential Leadership Council as Yemen’s representative and its legitimacy, reiterating the importance of such steps as the whole world still believes the Houthis to be a terrorist-leaning insurgent group.

Many Yemeni, regional and international meetings, statements and positions support the UN envoy and the ceasefire.

Iran’s official rhetoric supports the ceasefire in Yemen, even as a “political facade”.

However, the Houthis are the only party to issue an official statement refusing to extend the truce, despite weak arguments from Iran-backed militias.

Observers said the group had not made extraordinary efforts to implement the ceasefire provisions and that they had obstructed the agreement’s article on reopening the crossings , the only one that has not been implemented of the four, including the ceasefire, allowing flights to Sanaa airport, guaranteeing the flow of fuel to Hodeidah and the reopening of crossing points.

– Regional Tour

On Saturday, the Oman News Agency announced the arrival of the UN envoy in Muscat, saying he had met with Undersecretary for Diplomatic Affairs Khalifa al-Harthy.

During the meeting, views were exchanged on several regional and international issues.

Houthi spokesman Mohammed Abdul Salam, who resides in Oman, met with Grundberg, who is trying to urge the group to extend the truce.

During the first half of 2022, Yemen saw several developments, such as the election of the Leadership Council and the appointment of seven deputies to the President, which represented a significant qualitative leap for all the forces that opposed the coup. statehood of the Houthis.

The UN extended the ceasefire for another two months amid international efforts to extend it for another six months.

The Houthis were only asked to agree to two things: the ceasefire, which the militia partially implemented, and the reopening of crossings, especially Taiz, which the group did not. executed. He has also blocked at least three UN proposals despite engaging in two rounds of talks in Amman.

Grundberg traveled to Sanaa seeking a breakthrough with the proposals, but his proposal was rejected.

Will the Houthis agree to extend the ceasefire?

The Houthis say extending the ceasefire is futile, but many Yemenis believe the group has benefited from the truce.

A Yemeni source told Asharq Al-Awsat that the group would eventually agree to the extension, noting that the Houthis continue to mobilize their forces, but the government is not preparing for it.

On Saturday, local news in Yemen reported that 12 civilians, including children, were injured due to Houthi shelling in Taiz. Instead of reopening the roads, the Houthi militia continued their attacks and blockade around the governorate.

The Houthi violations have prompted many Yemeni politicians and media to question the value of extending the ceasefire.

The military solution is very “expensive” for the Houthis, and the Yemeni government is more robust after unifying its ranks and is no longer preoccupied with internal conflicts.

The head of the Foundation for the Defense of Rights and Freedoms, Huda al-Sarari, said the Houthi group “exploits” the tolerance of the coalition and the international community, blackmailing the UN envoy and emphatically rejecting any confidence-building measures with a view to implementing the agreement.

Sarari believes that with such an ideological extremist group, more pressure should be exerted, adding that the international community must impose sanctions on its political and military leaders.

The expert also called for pressure on Iran, which supplies money and weapons to the Houthi group.

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